Blood Cancer Causes Symptoms Treatment
Blood cancer, a broad term encompassing various types of malignancies affecting the blood, bone marrow and lymphatic system, demands attention. In this article, we will know about blood cancer causes symptoms treatment options and aim to provide valuable insights for those seeking information.
What is blood cancer?
To know about blood cancer disease, first we need to understand how blood is made in our body. Blood is made in our body, from the bone marrow. At first there are immature blood cells, which gradually transform into mature blood cells. What are the mature blood cells? Red blood cells contain hemoglobin which carries oxygen in our body. White blood cells or white blood cells increase the immune system in our body. Thirdly there are platelets which help in blood clotting. As a result, bleeding in different parts of the body is prevented.
Mature blood cells are produced in the bone marrow and enter our blood. In the case of blood cancer, the number of immature blood cells in the bone marrow increases greatly. They do not become mature. As a result, the number of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets does not increase in the blood stream. This results in increased levels of immature white blood cells within the bone marrow. Most bone marrow cells are replaced with these immature white blood cells. This problem is basically called blood cancer.
How many types of blood cancer are there?
Hematology branch deals with blood and blood related diseases. Two main parts of hematology – bone marrow and bone marrow derived blood cells. Any type of cancer but hematological malignancy or blood cancer. Basically we divide blood cancer into two parts – one is acute blood cancer and two is chronic blood cancer.
What are acute and chronic blood cancers?
In the case of acute blood cancer, there are many complications due to the physical symptoms of the patient. The patient needs urgent medical care. If not, the patient’s life is in danger.
Another problem is chronic blood cancer. In this case, the disease may remain in the patient’s body for a long time. That treatment lasts longer. Even if the patient’s treatment is not started quickly, there is no risk of life-threatening because the doctor has time. Acute and chronic blood cancers also have different divisions. Examples include acute leukemia, chronic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoid leukemia. Apart from this, lymphoma, multiple myeloma, myelodysplastic syndrome are also different types of blood cancer.
What are the symptoms of blood cancer?
Our bone marrow produces mature blood cells. They have specific tasks. So a person’s blood cancer means that their blood will lack mature blood cells. And due to their deficiency, various symptoms will be created in the body. Among these symptoms, the most common symptom is anemia. Anemia is accompanied by complications such as physical weakness, lightheadedness, fatigue.
On the other hand, due to the lack of white blood cells, a person suffers from many types of infections. It is seen repeatedly that the patient is getting fever, fever is not being cured for long time, suffer from cold and cough and the patient is feeling very tired.
These symptoms can also lead to bleeding in some cases if platelets are reduced. Bleeding can also occur from the gums. The teeth bleed without incident. Even many times the patient wakes up in the morning and sees blood pooling at the root of the tooth. The skin has sore spots and in some cases red spots like scratches are seen.
How to understand anemia?
Problems like iron deficiency or anemia are very common all over the world. In this case, most anemia patients are treated with iron supplements. But whenever it is seen that anemia is accompanied by weakness, fever, bleeding from different places, fever does not reduce, iron tablets do not cure it. It should be understood that it is not normal anemia. In this case, a hematologist or hemato-oncologist should examine. If there is a problem then it should be treated. If there is no cancer, anemia should be seen for some other reason.
What is the treatment for blood cancer?
Before treating blood cancer, it is necessary to see exactly what type of blood cancer is there. Bone marrow examination is required to know that. If there is cancer of the lymph nodes, then a biopsy of the lymph nodes should be done to see what type of cancer has occurred. Then he should be treated properly.
The main part of this treatment is mainly chemotherapy and supportive treatment for its side effects. Radiation therapy may also be needed in some cases.
The main goal of chemotherapy is to kill cancer cells that are present with drugs first. But in solving this problem, it is seen that the normal cells of the body are being destroyed along with the diseased cells. Such problems may manifest especially when the patient is given high-dose chemotherapy.
Not only this, chemotherapy can cause complications like anemia, infection, low platelets, bleeding. In such cases supportive therapy should be given. Blood should be given if the blood is reduced. Antibiotics should be given in case of infection. Therefore, the initial treatment is chemotherapy and supportive care. Then, if necessary, radio therapy may also be given in some cases.
Is blood cancer curable?
In this case, it can be said that blood cancer is a very aggressive type of cancer. If left untreated, the patient’s life is at risk in most cases. Another positive aspect of this disease is that if blood cancer is treated properly, most blood cancers can be cured.
Diseases like childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia or Hodgkin’s lymphoma can be cured with chemotherapy. There are also many blood cancers that cannot be cured with chemotherapy or the disease may return even if the patient is initially treated. In such cases, there is a treatment method called bone marrow transplant. He needs a healthy donor. Bone marrow transplantation requires very careful donor selection. In most cases, patient matching is usually with a brother or sister.
Can the disease return after a bone marrow transplant ?
The patient is at risk of developing a disease called ‘graft versus host disease’. In this disease, due to receiving external stem cells, a kind of reaction is created in various organs of the body such as liver, skin, esophagus etc. This can lead to diarrhea in many people. Some also have problems with rashes. But these are all immediate problems. As a long-term problem, growth problems in children, pregnancy complications in adults etc. can develop. In such a situation, it is advised to keep an eye on the child from the beginning and treat accordingly. On the other hand, it is recommended to reserve sperm or ovum in case of adults.
Apart from these, treatment also has a psychological aspect. For a long time, the patient has to endure severe stress. Besides, the patient remains in the safety zone for a long time. Children in particular are out of school for many days. Socializing with people is also almost closed. As a result, the patient cannot spontaneously socialize with everyone after recovering from the disease. In such cases counseling has a big role to play.
Understanding the blood cancer causes symptoms treatment are vital steps to meet the blood cancer. Increased awareness helps individuals to take effective measures for prevention and seek timely medical attention when needed. We also need strong mental strength and support from our near and dear ones to fight against blood cancer and defeat this deadly disease.