Summer with its soaring temperature is not only irritating but also brings a large variety of diseases that can damage your health. Summer is the hottest season of the year prevails generally in a year from March to June. But during the summer season the scorching heat and dryness bring with a common summer diseases which if we neglect can harm us to dangerous level. Here are some of the common diseases in summer and precautions to avoid them.
Common Diseases In Summer:
Here are the list of most common diseases in summer season
Measles which is called rubecola or morbilli is a common condition seen in summer season. It is caused by the paramyxo virus which infects the lining at the back of the throat. It is transmitted the same way as chicken pox.
Its initial symptoms are high fever, cough, runny nose, sore throat and red eyes. These symptoms later progress to what is called a measles rash (rashes that look like small red spots), fever, cough, runny nose and tiny white spots within mouth. The measles rashes usually appear 3-5 days after the initial symptoms and start around the hairline and face in most cases.
The MMR vaccine (Measles, Mumps and Rubella) usually given to all children is highly efficient in preventing the disease from occurring.
Jaundice is also called Hepatitis A, is a water-borne disease caused mainly by contaminated water supplies and food cooked in unhygienic way. Jaundice is spread by the Hepatitis A virus which affects the liver causing over-production of bile.
The initial symptoms of Jaundice include yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membrances and the white of the eyes, light colored stools, dark colored urine and itching of the skin.
A vaccine is available, but to protect yourself better, you should avoid eating food in unhygienic ways. Drink only filtered or boiled water after cooling.
3 Food Poisoning:
Summer is the time when several dangerous microorganisms such s Salmonella and Clostridium prevail and they multiply in food. That is why it is necessary to prepare and store food in a careful and hygienic way.
The initial symptoms of food poisoning include stomach pain, nausea and vomiting and diarrhea.
To avoid food poisoning, it is better to avoid undercooked meat, raw vegetables, fish that has not been cooked at high temperature and hygienic ways. These foods are the breeding ground for harmful microorganisms.
Mumps is an extremely contagious viral disease. It is known to occur mainly in children during peak summer. The mumps virus is transmitted when an infected person sneezes or cough.
One of the most common symptoms is the swelling up of the person’s salivary glands at the base of the neck. It typically starts with a few days of fever, headache, muscles aches, tiredness and loss of appetite, and is followed by swelling of salivary glands.
The MMR vaccine (Measles, Mumps and Rubella) can help protect you from contracting the disease.
5 Skin Cancer:
Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiations is the main cause of skin cancer. These UV rays can also cause sunburn, tanning, premature skin aging and decrease in immune system response. People who spent lots of time in the sun or have fair skin or above 50 years of age, are more risk of getting skin cancer.
6 Heat stroke:
It is by far and the most serious and common summer hazard which leads to sun stroke or hyperpyrexia. It is manifested by extremely high body temperatures (generally greater than 104 degree F), and short band rapid breathing, fainting, dry skin etc. heat stroke might lead to serious complications and victim will die if not treated in time.
Overexposure to ultraviolet light can cause cataracts, retinal damage and other eye problems. Eye infections like – styes, bacterial and viral conjunctivitis are also seen with increased frequency in this season.
8 Sun headaches:
bright sunshine and the heat can trigger the throbbing headache. In a severe case it may also result in dizziness, nausea, muscle fatigue and vomiting.
To avoid such cases you should remain hydrated and if symptoms occur, always help you going to the doctor and to be on a safer side.
Frequency of hemorrhage from nose commonly found in young children also increases in summer season. The flow of blood normally stops when the blood clots, which may be encouraged by direct pressure applied by pinching the soft fleshy part of the nose. Pressure should be firm and be applied for at least 10 minutes.
Dehydration can happen quickly in the summer heat due to excessive sweating, especially when in physically active individuals. To prevent dehydration, drink additional water to remain always hydrated.
Drinking additional water keeps body hydrated in summers and helps prevent dehydration. Don’t wait to drink until you are thirsty, at the time of thirst, your body already indicates that it ran out of water.
Summer which sometimes proves unbearable with variety of diseases often gives us a great stake on our health. It is not only necessary to take these precautions but if emergency appears never hesitate to go the the doctor to take valuable advice or medicines. You should take lots of fruits such as water melons, cucumber, coconut water in your daily diet during summer. Take light and less fatty foods and avoid heavy and spicy food. Always use sunscreens of good quality in summer season to avoid much sun exposure.
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