Hair loss (Alopecia) can affect just your scalp or your entire body, and it can be temporary or permanent. It can be the result of heredity, hormonal changes, medical conditions or a normal part of aging. Anyone can loss hair on their head, but it is more common in men. Baldness typically refers to excessive hair loss from your scalp. Hereditary hair loss with age is the most common cause of baldness. Some people prefer to let their hair loss run its course untreated and unhidden. Others may cover it up with hairstyles, makeup, hats or scarves. And still others choose one of the treatments available to prevent further hair loss or restore growth. In this article you can find some signs and symptoms of hair loss.
Signs and Symptoms of Hair Loss:
Hair loss can appear in many different ways, depending on what is causing it. It can come on suddenly or gradually and affect just your scalp or whole body. Signs and symptoms of hair loss may include:
- Gradual thinning on top of head: This is the most common type of hair loss, affecting people as they age. In men, hair often begins to recede at the hairline on the the forehead. Women typically have a broadening of the part in their hair. An increasingly common hair loss pattern in older women is a receding hairline (frontal fibrosing alopecia)
- Circular or patchy bald spots: Some people lose hair in circular or patchy bald spots on the scalp, beard or eyebrows. Your skin may become itchy or painful before the hair falls out.
- Sudden loosening of hair: A physical or emotional shock can cause hair to loosen. Handfuls of hair may come out when combing or washing your hair or even after gentle tugging. This type of hair loss usually causes overall hair thinning bur is temporary.
- full body hair loss: Some conditions and medical treatments, such as chemotherapy for cancer, can result in the loss of hair all over the body. This hair usually grows back.
- Patches oof scaling that spread over the scalp: This is a sign of ringworm. It may be accompanied by broken hair, redness, swelling and at times oozing.
If you see such signs and symptoms of hair loss mentioned above, then talk to your doctor. You must be careful while combing or washing your hair. Sudden hair loss can signal an underlying medical condition that requires treatment.
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Causes of Hair Loss:
People typically lose 50 to 100 hairs a day. This usually isn’t noticeable because new hair is growing in at the same time. You may find the signs and symptoms of hair loss occurs when new hair doesn’t replace the hair that has fallen out.
Hair loss is typically related to one or more of the following factors:
Signs and symptoms of hair loss related to the following factors:
- Family Heredity: The most common cause of hair loss is a heredity condition that happens with aging. This condition is called androgenic alopecia, male-pattern baldness and female-pattern baldness. It usually occurs gradually and in predictable patterns – a receding hairline and bald spots in men and thinning hair along the crown of the scalp in women.
- Hormonal Changes: A variety of conditions can cause permanent or temporary hair loss, including hormonal changes due to pregnancy, childbirth, menopause and thyroid problems. Medical conditions include alopecia areata which is immune system related and causes patchy hair loss, scalp infections such as ringworm, and a hair-pulling disorder called trichotillomania.
- Medications and supplements: hair loss can be a side effect of certain drugs, such as those used for cancer, arthritis, depression, heart problems, gout and high blood pressure.
- Radiation therapy: The hair may not grow back the same as it was before after some radiation therapy due to certain diseases.
- Stressful events: Many people experience a general thinning of hair several months after a physical or emotional shock. This type of hair loss is temporary.
- Hairstyles and treatments: Excessive hairstyling or hairstyles that pull your hair tight, such as pigtails or cornrows, can cause a type of hair loss called traction alopecia. Hot-oil hair treatments and permanents also can cause hair to fall out. If scarring occurs, hair loss could be permanent.
What are the causes increase risk of hair loss:
A number of factors can cause increase your risk of hair loss, including:
- A family history of balding on your mother’s or father’s side
- Significant weight loss
- Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, cancer, lupus
- Poor nutrition
How to prevent hair loss:
Most baldness is caused by genetics (male-pattern baldness and female-pattern baldness). This type of hair loss is not preventable. These simple tips help to prevent hair loss may include:
- Be gentle with your hair: Use a detangler and avoid tugging when brushing and combing, especially when your hair is wet. A wide-toothed comb might help prevent pulling out hair. Avoid harsh treatments such as hot rollers, curling irons, hot-oil treatments. Limit the tension on hair from styles that use rubber bands, barrettes and braids.
- Ask your doctor about medications and supplements you take that might cause hair loss.
- protect your hair from sunlight and other sources of ultraviolet light.
- Stop smoking. Some studies show an association between smoking and baldness in men.
- If you are being treated with chemotherapy, ask your doctor about a cooling cap. This cap may reduce your risk of losing hair during chemotherapy.
So, in your day to day busy life, you must be careful to your hair health. If you notice the above mentioned signs and symptoms of hair loss, then immediately ask to your doctor what causes your hair loss significantly. It is important to find out what cause your hair loss and you can accordingly do the needful.