Dengue (DENG-gey) fever is a mosquito-borne illness that occurs in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Mild dengue fever causes a high fever and flu-like symptoms. The severe form of dengue fever, also called dengue hemorrhagic fever, can cause serious bleeding, a sudden drop in blood pressure (shock) and death. Dengue fever is a viral illness that affects millions of people worldwide every year specially in monsoon and children are particularly susceptible to the effects of dengue. In this article we will discuss on the symptoms of dengue fever in kids, prevention of dengue and treatment of dengue, providing valuable information.
What is Dengue Fever?
A flu-like condition called common dengue fever is transmitted by a mosquito bite. Any member of the dengue family viruses can cause dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever. Due to the extreme joint pain caused by dengue, this fever is commonly referred to as “break bone fever”. The best and most crucial step to avoid dengue fever is to avoid mosquitoes and stagnant water. This infectious illness frequently causes epidemics. Lack of adequate mosquito control, lack of public health systems to fight against dengue fever, increase in mosquito breeding and lack of public awareness contribute to the rise of dengue.
Symptoms of Dengue Fever in Kids:
- Fever: Many children experience no signs or symptoms of a dengue infection. When symptoms do occur, they may be mistaken for other illness – such as the flu – and usually begin four to ten days after you are bitten by an infected mosquito. Dengue fever causes a high fever – 104 F (40C) – and any of the following signs and symptoms:
- Headaches: Severe persistent headache frequently is a common symptom of dengue fever in children. This may be accompanied by eye pain, which makes it difficult for the children to concentrate or read.
- Muscle, Bone or Joint Pain: As dengue fever is accompanied with muscle or joint pain, it is often called “breakbone fever”. Children have to bother this pain and are often found irritated.
- Nausea and Vomiting: Children with dengue fever may feel nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite. These symptoms can lea to dehydration.
- Swollen body parts: In severe cases of dengue , fluid accumulation may cause swelling in the hands or feet.
- Rash: A few days after the dengue fever starts, a rash could develop. Usually, it begins on the trunk and spreads to other parts of the body. The rash frequently has red patches and may be irritating.
Most children recover within a week or so. In some cases, symptoms of dengue fever in kids worsen and can become life-threatening. This is called severe dengue, dengue hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome.
Severe dengue happens when your blood vessels become damaged and leaky and the number of clot-forming cells (platelets) in your bloodstream drops. This can lead to shock, internal bleeding, organ failure and even death.
Warning Symptoms of Dengue Fever in Kids:
The warning symptoms of dengue fever in kids can be life-threatening and can develop quickly. The warning signs usually begin the first day or two after the fever goes away and may include:
- Severe stomach pain: Severe abdominal pain is accompanied with dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is the indication of the emergency in dengue fever.
- Persistent vomiting: If your child keeps suffering from nausea and persistent vomiting, it could happen that your child is suffering from serious case of dengue.
- Bleeding from gums: Severe dengue happens when your blood vessels become damaged and leaky and the number of clot-forming cells (platelets) in your bloodstream drops. This can lead to shock, internal bleeding. Severe dengue fever can cause internal bleeding and organ damage. Blood pressure can drop to dangerous levels, causing shock. In some cases, severe dengue fever can lead to death.
- Breathing: Difficulty in breathing or rapid breathing is a warning signals for severe dengue. This needs medical attention.
- Swollen of body parts: In severe cases of dengue , fluid accumulation may cause swelling in the hands or feet.
- Irritability or restlessness: Unusual irritation and fatigue may be the signals of deteriorating condition of children suffering from dengue.
Causes of Dengue Fever:
Dengue fever is caused by any one of four types of dengue viruses. You can’t get dengue fever from being around an infected person. Instead, dengue fever is spread through mosquito bites.
The two types of mosquitoes that most often spread the dengue viruses are common both in and around human lodgings.
When a mosquito bites a person infected with a dengue virus, the virus enters the mosquito. Then the infected mosquito bites another person, the virus enters that person’s bloodstream and causes an infection.
After you have recovered from dengue fever, you have long-term immunity to the type of virus that infected you – but not to the other three dengue fever virus types. This means you can be infected again in the future by one of the other three virus types. Your risk of developing severe dengue fever increases if you get dengue fever a second, third or fourth time.
Risk Factors in Dengue Fever:
Your child can have a greater risk of developing dengue fever or a more severe form of the disease if:
- You live or travel in tropical areas. Being in tropical and subtropical areas increases your risk of exposure to the virus that causes dengue fever.
- Children who have had dengue fever in the past, previous infection with dengue fever increases the risk of dengue fever again.
Prevention of Dengue Fever:
Dengue fever can be severe to people worldwide, especially to the children. In some cases the children suffering from dengue may be hospitalized. Not only the vaccination is enough to prevent dengue, there are some positive steps to keep the dengue fever away. The preventive steps of dengue fever include:
Vaccination provides a shield against the dengue virus, reducing the risk of infection and severe illness. In addition to protecting your child, vaccination also boosts public immunity. Currently there are several dengue fever vaccines available. The most common used dengue vaccines are – Dengvaxia and TAK-003. These vaccines offer protection against all four dengue viruses. Dengue vaccines are typically recommended for children aged between 9 to 16 years living in the tropical and subtropical regions with a high prevalence of the disease.
2. Prevent Mosquito Bites:
The World Health Organization stresses that the vaccine is not an effective tool on its own to reduce dengue fever in areas where the illness is common. Preventing mosquito bites and controlling the mosquito population are still the main methods for preventing the spread of dengue fever.
3. Stay in air-conditioned or well-screened housing:
If you live or travel to an area where dengue fever is common, then stay in air-conditioned or well-screened housing. Remember that the mosquitoes that carry the dengue viruses are most active from dawn to dusk, but they can also bite at night.
4. Wear Protective Clothing:
Wear protective clothing when you go into mosquito-infected areas. Wear a long-sleeved shirt, long trousers, socks and shoes.
5. Use Mosquito Repellent:
Permethrin can be applied to your clothing, shoes, camping gear and bed netting. You can also buy clothing made with permethrin already in it. For your skin, use a repellent containing at least a 10% concentration of DEET.
6. Reduce Mosquito Habitat:
The mosquitoes that carry the dengue virus typically live in and around houses, breeding in standing water that can collect in such things as used automobile tires. You can help lower mosquito populations by eliminating habitats where they lay their eggs. At least once a week, empty and clean containers that hold standing water, such as planting containers, animal dishes and flower vases. Keep standing water containers covered between cleanings.
Foods that Fight Against Dengue:
A dengue patient must adhere to a healthy diet in order t combat the virus which affects every organ in the body. Your plays a significant role on how quickly you recover. You should also be aware that there is no set diet for dengue that must be followed, but the patient can benefit greatly from these foods for dengue. The foods you must follow at the time of dengue include:
Orange juice is one of the citrus fruits that dengue patients should drink the most. The orange juice is loaded with vitamins and energy. Consuming this orange juice can improve digestion and urine flow.
2. Papaya Leaves:
According to experts, papaya leaves are the finest food for people who have dengue. All you have to do to get the juice out of two fresh papaya leaves is squeeze and crush them. This drink should be consumed by the dengue patient twice daily, either in the morning or in the evening. One of the greatest and most effective natural treatments for dengue fever is this.
3. Herbal Tea:
The greatest option for those of you who have been suffering from dengue fever to lower your fever is to drink natural herbal teas. Ginger or cardamom-infused herbal tea can be quite beneficial for the patients suffering from dengue fever.
4. Coconut Water:
A patient suffering from dengue virus, often found the problem of dehydration. A patient should drink a lot of water at this time. Coconut water is beneficial to drink for the dengue patient because the coconut water replenishes electrolytes, minerals lost by the body due to dehydration.
5. Vegetable Juices:
According to experts, a patient needs to include proper nutrition vegetation during his or her suffering from dengue virus fever. Fresh organic vegetables juices like made of carrots, cucumber and other green leafy vegetables provide all kinds basic nutrition and help for a speedy recovery from the dengue fever.
Dengue fever can cause dehydration and a patient has the chancres to lose essential nutrients, minerals and fluid from the body. Vegetable based sups can help in hydration. You can intake chicken and vegetable based soup to gain energy and compensate the lost nutrients. An ideal soup can be prepared with lean chicken, garlic, ginger, onion, carrots, celery, bell peppers. You can prepare nutritious soups in other ways. These soups can help in boosting immune system.
Dengue fever can appear as a severe problem not only to the children but also to the parents. Strategies of preventing dengue fever viruses not only involves the vaccination but also a combination factors such as mosquito control measures, cleaning of surroundings, recognizing symptoms and seeking prompt medical advices when needed. By understanding the symptoms of dengue fever in kids and following the prevention measures, we can safe guard ourselves from any fatality of dengue fever virus.